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These clocks are not common, though there are reproductions around. The idea is that the lamp provides a light from within, while the numerals revolve so that the pointer tells the time. From what I can see, yours looks as if it may be an original, not repro. To identify it better, we need to see the clock movement. That may have a maker's name or logo on it. The word 'breveté' just means 'patent' in French.
It's a form of night clock. They are a category of time keepers meant to permit telling time at night before the advent of electric illumination. They often provided some light as well. These night clocks were often placed in a bed chamber. They may take a number of forms.
Your clock is one of the basic form where a cylinder, in this instance, a wire mesh cylinder with attached metal numerals, was rotated by a clock work mechanism. More typically the rotating portion is milk glass with painted numerals. In order to be able to tell time in the dark, the cylinder was back-lit by the small integral oil lamp.
I must admit, I have not seen one quite like yours before. It also appears to have an alarm mechanism? That's very interesting, indeed.
The origin of yours is probably France (hence the use of the term "brevete"), mid to late19 century.
For a little bit more about this type of clock, see this thread on the MB: