Putting out System. I have of late given some thought to the "Putting out System" First thought, when did it begin? Another hobby of mine is watching the History station on TV, over here its Neo Info. The other day they had a program on there about the human race, and to cut it short their main interest was "did we really all come from Africa"? It appears this is not so. They found that Homosapiens had a small amount of DNA from Neanderthals. What was new to me they also said there were three other groups, one being very small, and only 1 meter in Height. The other two I have forgotten. all this was going on about 150,000 thousand years ago. Anyway, it was the weather that sorted them all out, it was a matter of survival. (The ice age and its end) I am not saying here that was the first putting-out system, it just said to me you need something to survive, whether its a brain or extra DNA or just luck. So the first word for me is NEED. I then took hold of a book I have "Timelines of World History" by John B Teeple. Teeple goes at the above with great gusto, and cuts out the first 140,000 thousand years, though he does mention the above, so I am in good company. He breaks down the world into Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas & Australasia, and his first entry is for Asia. c10,000. Earliest known pottery vessels in the world in use, from Honshu, Japan, c9,000. Einkorn wheat is grown in N. Syria; first evidence of true cultivation. Limestone caves in C. China gives evidence of hunting, fishing, and gathering way of life. evidence of sheep domestication N. Mesopotamia. This all proved to me that groups of people were getting to-gather to survive. In other words, CO-OPERATION. So about 10.000 years ago the Homosapiens (And the Neanderthals-they were still around then) Needed to adapt to a changing climate, and co-operated with each other. Sometime between the use of seashells for barter and national disasters, including war. Homosapiens leaned to live in groups. I could go on, though I thought others might like to add one or two words before I take it up to a hundred people making a watch. Regards, Allan.