For the last 20 years there has been a rash of American pocket watch dial SWITCHING. This occurs because of condition fanatics seeking perfection, watch upgraders, and fast buck artists who either switch original dials around ruining originality, replace damaged dials (minor to severe) with FAKE dials (made yesterday), or use decal dials to cover up hairlined dials to "make ugly watches saleable," as per Roy Ehrhardt who created the dial decal. For those who despise FAKERY, SWITCHING and the ruination of the original movement/watch the failsafe route to original watch collecting might be to collect European watches, specifically English watches which either have movement serial numbers on the dial or beautiful chamlieve gold or silver dials, named or numbered that were made specifically for the specific watch movement. Althought some FAKE silver champlieve dials have been made, these are usually recognizeable on or off the movement (at least the fakery is minimal and is too costly for less rare movements). SWITCHING such dials is extremely difficult, cases even more so due to size, period, hallmarks and winding holes. So, one falsafe route to collecting straight pocket watxhes might be to go the European route--less SWITCHING and easily recogonizeable FAKES! Certainly, like anything else, one must also do their homework to learn the finer points o collecting!