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An old Swiss watch from Locle - part two

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Continuing the subject of Olivier Quartier from Le Locle - I just got in today's mail another watch made by this manufacture.



First - the movement in parts...



One can instantly recognize a Swiss bridge style movement.
I washed the parts and assembled the watch - here goes...

The dial plate has two bridges and a bar for the barrel. In this movement the mainspring barrel has two bearings, many times you'll find only the top one.



There is a four gear train with a going barrel.
The plate is stamped ' Olivier Quartier' which is pretty rare.
Most often these plates have no additional stamps but S/N under the dial.



The ratchet wheel is missing some teeth. The click and click spring is easy to assemble, but the click cover is tricky, as it's not stable and it's easy to damage the plate with a screwdriver slip.



The movement almost ready...
It's interesting, that each and every plate, the barrel and the dial as well, has the S/N scratched on somewhere.
The dial has both a scratched and painted number.
The regulator is tricky and it's difficult to remove the hairspring from between the pins - I decided to remove the taper pin instead.

I decided to put on the dial before assembling the escapement.
Notice, that in many swiss movements, the dial is wider than the movement, so I can't tighten the movement holder anymore now. The movement has fancy, cone shaped dial screws.



The balance wheel in a cylinder (not just cylinder, but cylinder as well) watch has a small pin on the rim.
That protects the balance from going all the way round which could be fatal. When adjusting the hairspring length, you should always set it i a position, when the balance pi is exactly opposite the pin of the balance cock.
Assuming the cylinder is positioned correctly, the watch should be in beat then.



The watch has a Quartier marked silver OF case, with matching number stamped.
The case is worn and polished, which is unfortunate, as it used to be decorated.
Simple engine-turning I presume, but likely nice.
The cuvette is marked Olivier Quartier, Locle en Suisse, Cylinder Escapement,. Four Holes Jewelled.
For English or North-American market I suppose.



Mismatched hands, but I did not find anything better among my stuff...



The watch is quite big, with about 46mm case diameter.



Now the movement again...



It has 4 jewelled holes, which would add up to six jewels.
After winding it works well (notice that cylinder escapement normally has a smaller balance amplitude than detached lever, so don't be discouraged), only it's a few minutes fast in center position.
I think someone had shortened the hairspring too much, but even the thought of straightening that with repeated pinning, unpinning and rotating the collet gives me shivers. I don't like working on cylinder watches, they are very easy to damage and very difficult to repair.

Interestingly - Olivier Quartier lived until 1852, which means this particular ba-style cylinder movement should be quite old for it's kind. I don't know exactly when the making of such movement type started, but yes, I think you'll see them in watches from circa 1850. Is this possible? I just don't know the answer.

Al in all - it's nice to have a Quartier pair and I hope to get more in the future. It surely is an interesting 19th Century Le Locle watchmaker...
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